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Recent Advances in Neuroscience

, Recent Advances in Neuroscience

In a world made ever smaller by the speed of technology, the human brain still harbors secrets beyond the methods of current neurologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists. The mechanisms behind our consciousness are still being discovered and research scientists are hard at work trying to discern the various means by which our brain regulates, controls, and signals the body.

For example, consider the nature of human memory. Our neurons (brain cells) are linked by synapses to form specific patterns called neural networks. These structures are part of what allows us to preserve what we remember. Within the brain, however, there are a also a tremendously wide variety of chemicals continuously reacting with one another to create the phenomenon we know as consciousness. As our computers become more powerful and our soft tissue mapping techniques (such as magnetic resonance imaging) become more precise, we will be able to understand how our shifting, computer-like memory storage (our neural networks) interacts with the immense number of biochemical signals that form the basis for human cognition and decision-making.

Due to systems within the brain requiring insight from so many different fields (psychology, neurology, and chemistry are just the broad designations for hundreds of smaller, more precise disciplines), many neuroscientists have posited that the key to fully understanding the human brain lies in seamless cooperation among researchers in different fields. While continued access to revenue is certainly important, breakthroughs concerning the brain can be drastically slowed if researchers instead choose to patent their methodology or the custom equipment designed to gather their research data. Like our capacity to learn, the benefits of human memory and human cognition research should be accessible to everyone to maximize the potential for deeper understanding.

Nanotechnology (a field in which researchers manipulate the properties of matter at extremely small scales) is also poised to make extensive contributions to neuroscience. Researchers at UCLA are developing ways to monitor how our neurotransmitters (the small molecules that transmit signals among neurons) change over the course of a person’s lifetime, particularly when that person is attempting to remember something or is orchestrating a pre-determined thought pattern. Nanoparticles that are able to respond to electrical current may also be able to be attached to a single neuron. When current passes through the neuron (as it would during the transmission of a signal) the nanoparticle could then record and map the specific mechanisms of the signal itself. In this manner, nanotechnology may succeed in mapping out the finer points of the human brain.

Do you want to know more about nanotechnology and their advancements in the medical field – Stay tuned with US

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