Pharmacologists affiliated with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) establish pharmaceutical drug dosage through a series of drug trials and clinical experiments that measure the effects of the drug against a placebo. If the drug is effective at treating the condition its developers had envisioned and if the drug’s side effects are minimal compared to its benefits, there is an excellent chance the drug will be brought to market. Pharmacologists then analyze the pharmaceutical drug’s target demographic: who is the drug meant to treat? Will it be for adults, children, adolescents, the elderly, or some combination thereof? Does the drug treat a gender-specific condition? What is likely to happen if some individuals overdose on the drug? Pharmacologists must also determine the likely average mass of the drug’s target demographic. All of these factors and more are taken into consideration when calculating drug dosage unique to an individual.
Once pharmacologists have a working model, this forms the basis for how the pharmaceutical drug will be sold in pharmacies. Depending on the drug’s active ingredients as well as its effects on human physiology, the drug may require a prescription from a doctor. While the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for authorizing the drug for public consumption (and indeed the drug will have been thoroughly tested) the long-term effects of ingesting the drug are oftentimes completely unknown. Depending on the size of the clinical trials, some of the drug’s side effects may still be undiscovered as well. The Pharmacists will do their clinical trials and also see the ethical side of having that drug.
Once your doctor prescribes a new medication, be conscious of how it affects your body. What sorts of changes have you noticed while taking the drug and do these changes correlate with any of the drug’s potential side effects? If so, how serious are they? Contact your physician immediately and provide honest communication during check-ups. If you are ashamed by certain symptoms (such as a loss of bladder control) and hide them, this can have serious negative repercussions for your health depending on which pharmaceutical drugs you are currently taking. Once you have a better understanding of how the pharmaceuticals are affecting you, your physician will have a better chance of correctly adjusting your drug dosage.
Finally, take careful notice of how your drug tolerance changes as you are taking your prescription. Many pharmaceutical drugs naturally lose their effectiveness at certain dosage levels as your body becomes accustomed to the medication. Many members of the public confuse this phenomenon with pharmaceutical drug addiction, which actually occurs when a drug is taken for something other than its original purpose due to the effects it produces. Natural drug tolerance is not cause for alarm, though you should speak to your physician about increasing your drug dosage if your prescription is no longer effective.